Maryland Historical Trust Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties

Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
1. Name of Property
Inventory No. 15‐28 (indicate preferred name)
Luther Moore Farm
historic
other
2. Location
street and number
7201 Damascus Road
not for publication
city, town
Gaithersburg
vicinity
county
Montgomery
3. Owner of Property
(give names and mailing addresses of all owners)
name
Gary C Martin et al Trustees
street and number
7201 Damascus Road
city, town
Gaithersburg
telephone
state
MD
zip code
20882
4. Location of Legal Description
courthouse, registry of deeds, etc. Montgomery County Courthouse
Rockville
city, town
tax map GW43
liber
tax parcel
P489
36172 folio 45
tax ID number
01-01728548
5. Primary Location of Additional Data
Contributing Resource in National Register District
Contributing Resource in Local Historic District
Determined Eligible for the National Register/Maryland Register
Determined Ineligible for the National Register/Maryland Register
Recorded by HABS/HAER
Historic Structure Report or Research Report at MHT
Other:
6. Classification
Category
x
district
building(s)
structure
site
object
Ownership
x
public
private
both
Current Function
x
x
agriculture
commerce/trade
defense
domestic
education
funerary
government
health care
industry
Resource Count
landscape
recreation/culture
religion
social
transportation
work in progress
unknown
vacant/not in use
other:
Contributing
3
Noncontributing
2
buildings
sites
structures
objects
Total
Number of Contributing Resources
previously listed in the Inventory
7. Description
Inventory No. 15‐26 Condition
x
excellent
good
fair
deteriorated
ruins
altered
Prepare both a one paragraph summary and a comprehensive description of the resource and its various elements as it
exists today.
The farmstead includes a vernacular side‐gable dwelling house, a log tobacco house, and a frame outbuilding. The dwelling house was built in two main periods. The earliest section, the southeast block, is believed to have been built by Luther W. Moore, about 1847. This section is timberframe construction and has a box staircase and large overhead beams exposed on the interior of the first level. The buildings were each part of the Moore farmstead however they were moved from their original locations about 1989 to their current sites. The main, front, block is five bays wide with a side‐gable roof. Luther J. Moore, son of Luther W., built the front section of the house between 1912 and 1918. 1 The large chimney on the south end of the main block had a free‐
standing stack, as recorded in 1974. A shed roof addition extending across a portion of the rear façade opens onto a rear deck. The house is covered with vinyl siding. A two‐car basement garage has been constructed underneath the southern portion of the house. The house was moved about 200 feet from its original location within the Damascus Road right of way to its current location. Located behind the dwelling house is a log tobacco house. Large square openings mark both eaves sides of the structure. A third, smaller square opening is on the west gable end facing the dwelling house. The roof is covered with standing seam metal. A brick interior chimney stands on the east gable end. The tobacco house was moved about 1989 from its original site northeast of the house. 2 A frame domestic outbuilding stands northeast of the tobacco house. The farmstead included both a smokehouse and a dairy when it was documented in 1974. A 1974 photograph shows the buildings stood behind the original south end of the house. The current structure, the larger of the two, was moved to its current location. The building faces north and has a front gable roof. Set on masonry piers, the structure is covered with weatherboard siding. And standing seam metal roof. A vertical board door on the north façade is held in place by three strap hinges. Located southeast of the dwelling house are two non‐contributing buildings. One is a side gable stable structure. To its north is a side gable structure with three open bays for sheltering equipment. A double crib barn documented in the 1970s is no longer standing.
1
Catherine Crawford. Date of oldest section based on land purchase, 1865 Martenet and Bond and 1878 Hopkins Atlas. Date of later
section based on tax assessment records, 1911-1918.
2
Annotate USGS map 1944/1993; 1989 topo map; historic photograph.
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 7
Page 1
Luther Moore Farm, view north
11-2007
Inventory No. 15-28
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 7
Page 2
Luther Moore Farm, Dwelling House Main (south) façade 11‐2007
Inventory No. 15-28
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 7
Page 3
Luther Moore Farm, Tobacco House 11‐2007 Inventory No. 15-28
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 7
Page 4
Luther Moore Farm, Outbuilding 11‐2007 Inventory No. 15-28
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Inventory No. 15-28
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 7
Page 5
Luther Moore House showing original location with the Damascus Road right of way Michael F. Dwyer, 1974 photograph Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Inventory No. 15-28
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 7
Page 6
Luther Moore Farm, View from Damascus Road Double crib barn, no longer standing Log tobacco house in background 1970 photograph by Steven Hawkins Source: Steven G. Hawkins 412‐521‐9399
8. Significance
Period
Areas of Significance
1600-1699
1700-1799
x 1800-1899
x 1900-1999
2000-
x agriculture
archeology
x architecture
art
commerce
communications
community planning
conservation
Specific dates
Inventory No. 15‐26 Check and justify below
economics
education
engineering
entertainment/
recreation
ethnic heritage
exploration/
settlement
health/medicine
industry
invention
landscape architecture
law
literature
maritime history
military
performing arts
philosophy
politics/government
religion
science
social history
transportation
other:
Architect/Builder
Construction dates
c1847-52/1912-18
Evaluation for:
National Register
Maryland Register
not evaluated
Prepare a one-paragraph summary statement of significance addressing applicable criteria, followed by a narrative discussion of the
history of the resource and its context. (For compliance projects, complete evaluation on a DOE Form – see manual.)
The Luther Moore Farm is highly representative of folk building types and reflects the persistence of tradition in the Patuxent River area. The farmstead is significant for its rare surviving log tobacco house and vernacular side‐
gable dwelling house. The dwelling house is also significant as an example of vernacular architecture typical to that constructed in Montgomery County from the mid 19th century to the early 20th century. The early part of the house is believed to have been built by Luther W. Moore, about 1850. The Moore family later built the front section of the house, possibly as late as 1912‐1918. The property was a 108‐acre tobacco farm. Luther W. Moore’s father Henry Moore first acquired the land from Frederick Gaither, in 1842, part of tracts known as “Resurvey on Hartley’s Lot” and “Griffithsburg”. Henry sold 108 acres to his son Luther W. Moore in 1846 for $1200. Luther W. is believed to have built his house soon thereafter. He married Lydia R. Etchison in 1852. Lydia R. Etchison (born 1829) was the daughter of Caroline Etchison (Resource #15‐17).3 Luther W. Moore died in 1859. His wife Lydia R. and their son Luther J. inherited the farm. In 1880, Luther J. married Lydia E Warfield. They had five children born between 1882 and 1899: William F., Clifton H., Luther H., Ida May, and Russell G. Between 1893 and 1911, Luther J. added acreage to the farm in three transactions. The assessed value of the property rose substantially between 1912 and 1918 which is likely to account for the construction of the main block of the house.4 Luther J. died in 1927, leaving the farm to his wife Lydia and their five children. In 1930, Lydia is listed as head of household. Living with her were Clifton (single, age 43) and Russell (age 31) and his wife, Hatty.5 Lydia continued 3Deeds STS 2:309. BS 11:182. The house appears on the Martenet and Bond map of 1865. Sarah Brandenburg Farm, Resource 15‐17, Sandra Youla MIHP form, 2009. William Hurley, Etchison family history, p17. 4Deeds 797:17, JA 36:358, TD 26:31, 216:461. 1930 census. Tax Assessment book 1911‐1918, cited in Crawford op cit. 5
William and Ida May married and built houses across the street from the Moore homeplace. Both houses are Vernacular Gothic houses built in the second decade of the 20th century. Ida May Moore (1891‐1943) married Walter Allnutt (1888‐1979) and acquired land from Luther J. and Lydia E. W. Moore, in 1917. They constructed the Vernacular Gothic house at 6920 Damascus Road about this time. William and Pearl Moore acquired property from Luther and Lydia in 1916 and built the house at 24221 Laytonsville Road. See Etchison HD form, Clare Lise Kelly, 2009.
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Inventory No. 15-28
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 8
Page 1
to live here until her death in 1940. Son Russell Moore and his wife Hattie retained ownership of the farm until 1961. After a succession of owners, the farm was purchased in 1979 by Gary C Martin. The property, now five acres, is still owned by the estate of Gary Martin.6 6Will PEW 9:250, cited in Crawford, op cit. See Lorin Farris, Chain of Title. Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 8
Page 2
1879 Hopkins Atlas
Inventory No. 15-28
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Inventory No. 15-28
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 8
Page 3
15/28 Griffithsburg or Moore House
1701 Damascus Road, Gaithersburg, MD 20882-3313
Lorin V. Farris Research – 6/2008
Deed
6357.168
Date
January 1979
Liber 4175, folio 565
January 1972
Liber 3821, folio 268
June 1968
Liber 3389, folio 146
July 1965
Liber 797, Folio 17
August 1940
Parties
James G. Duggins and
Dora P. Duggins (wife)
To
Gary C. Martin and
Deneen B. Martin (wife)
David T. Cavanaugh and
Elizabeth C. Cavanaugh
(wife), James C.
Cavanaugh and Pauline G.
Cavanaugh (wife)
To
James G. Duggins and
Dora P. Duggins (wife)
David T. Cavanaugh and
Elizabeth C. Cavanaugh
(wife)
To
James J. Cavanaugh and
Pauline G. Cavanaugh
Marvin L. Burdette and
Juanita T. Burdette (wife)
To David T. Cavanaugh
and Elizabeth C.
Cavanaugh (wife)
William F. Moore and
Pearl Moore (wife),
Clifton L Moore, Luther
H. Moore and Louise
Moore (wife), Ida M.
Allnutt and Walter T.
Allnutt (husband)
To
Russell G. Moore and
Hattie A. Moore
Land
$15
ROW Highway 108 and
Colonial Gas Co.
Easement
$10
40.0261 acres
Griffithsburg
Etchison Road and
Damascus Etchison Road
$5
1/3 undivided interest in
and to the lands
$5
9. Major Bibliographical References
Inventory No. 15‐26
See continuation sheet.
10. Geographical Data
Acreage of surveyed property
Acreage of historical setting
Quadrangle name
5.0
Quadrangle scale:
Verbal boundary description and justification
11. Form Prepared by
name/title
Clare Lise Kelly
organization
M-NCPPC
date
street & number
telephone
city or town
state
11-2009
The Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties was officially created by an Act of the Maryland Legislature
to be found in the Annotated Code of Maryland, Article 41, Section 181 KA,
1974 supplement.
The survey and inventory are being prepared for information and record purposes only
and do not constitute any infringement of individual property rights.
return to:
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Department of Planning
100 Community Place
Crownsville, MD 21032-2023
410-514-7600
Maryland Historical Trust
Maryland Inventory of
Historic Properties Form
Inventory No.15‐28
Name
Continuation Sheet
Number 9
Page 1
BIBLIOGRAPHY Crawford, Catherine, “L. Moore Farm,” Resource 15‐28, Maryland Historical Trust State Historic Sites Inventory Form, 8‐1982. Farris, Lorin. Luther Moore Farm, Chain of Title, Historic Resource File, M‐NCPPC, 6‐2008. Hurley, William. Etchison Family History. Kelly, Clare Lise. “Etchison Historic District,” Maryland Historical Trust Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties Form, 11‐2008. Manuel, Janet. Marriage Licenses 1798‐1898. Owens, Christopher. “L. Moore Farm,” Resource 15‐28, Maryland Historical Trust State Historic Sites Inventory Form, 9‐1974. U.S. Census, 1930. Youla, Sandra. Sarah Brandenburg Farm, Resource 15‐17, MIHP form, 2009.